Question #3129

Consider the compression at 15.6& [sup]o[/sup]C of 0.35 mol H[sub]2[/sub]O(l) from 0.10 atm to1.00 atm. Calculate the values of ΔG when the process is carried out:

(a) isothermally and reversibly and

(b) isothermally and irreversibly under a constantexternal pressure of 1.0 atm.

(a) isothermally and reversibly and

(b) isothermally and irreversibly under a constantexternal pressure of 1.0 atm.

Expert's answer

Firstly calculate the initial and final volumes of gas (using the ideal gas equation):

**pV = nRT**

V = nRT/p

**V**_{1} = 0.35×0.082×288.6/0.1 = 82.83 L = 0.08282 m^{3}

V_{2} = 0.35×0.082×288.6/1 = 8.283 L = 0.008282 m^{3}

(a) isothermally and reversibly

**W = ΔG = −nRT ln(V**_{2}/V_{1}) = 0.35×8.314×288.6 ln(0.008282/0.08282) = 1933.7 J

(b) isothermally and irreversibly under a constant external pressure of 1.0 atm.

**W = ΔG = −p(V**_{2} − V_{1}) = 1.01 × 105(0.008282 − 0.08282) = 7528.3 J

V = nRT/p

V

(b) isothermally and irreversibly under a constant external pressure of 1.0 atm.

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