Hi, please help me with this question, especially with parts 1 and 2.
Describe the process of catalytic reforming in the petroleum refining industry
your answer must also include:
1) A balanced chemical equation, physical states included, and reaction conditions stated.
2) Examples of a product formed from catalytic reforming (in petroleum refining) and its use.
Catalytic reforming is a chemical process used to convert petroleum refinery naphtha distilled before describing the reaction chemistry of the catalytic reforming process as a petroleum refinery includes many unit operations and unit processes.
1) In a catalytic reforming, alkanes are converted to arenes by a combination of isomerization and dehydrogenation events.
In catalytic reforming, as in thermal reforming, a naphtha-type material serves as the feedstock, but the reactions are carried out in the presence of hydrogen, which inhibits the formation of unstable unsaturated compounds that polymerize into higher-boiling materials.
Catalytic reforming uses a catalyst, usually platinum, to produce a similar result. Mixed with hydrogen, naphtha is heated and passed over pellets of catalyst in a series of reactors, under high pressure, producing high-octane gasoline.
2) Products from catalytic reforming include high-octane gasoline useful as automobile fuel, aromatics, and hydrogen.