Answer to Question #162425 in Inorganic Chemistry for PRAGATEESWARAN

Question #162425

a.     Explain the different types of chemical bonds and describe how each bonds are formed .

b.     Using Lewis dot structures, indicate the movement of electrons during the formation of the ionic compound Calcium Oxide (CaO) from Calcium (Ca) and Oxygen (O).

c.      Draw a sketch of the geometry of NF3 molecule. Indicate in your sketch any lone pairs of electrons on nitrogen.

d.     Give the molecular geometry for the atoms in the following structure at positions 1,2, and 3.


Expert's answer

Chemical bonds are forces that hold atoms together to make compounds or molecules.Chemical bonds are the connections between atoms in a molecule. These bonds include both strong intramolecular interactions, such as covalent and ionic bonds. They are related to weaker intermolecular forces, such as dipole-dipole interactions, the London dispersion forces, and hydrogen bonding. The weaker forces will be discussed in a later concept.

  • Chemical bonds include covalent, polar covalent, and ionic bonds.
  • Atoms with relatively similar electronegativities share electrons between them and are connected by covalent bonds.
  • Atoms with large differences in electronegativity transfer electrons to form ions. The ions then are attracted to each other. This attraction is known as an ionic bond.
  • ionic bond: An attraction between two ions used to create an ionic compound. This attraction usually forms between a metal and a non-metal.
  • covalent bond: An interaction between two atoms, which involves the sharing of one or more electrons to help each atom satisfy the octet rule. This interaction typically forms between two non-metals.
  • intramolecular: Refers to interactions within a molecule.
  • intermolecular forces: Refers to interactions between two or more molecules

b) Ca: :O ---> Ca::O ---> Ca-O ---> CaO


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