Answer to Question #175257 in Sociology for Xabiba

Question #175257

Social Science Paradigms on a Current Event (Change)

Earlier in this activity, you were asked to determine how each of the theories related to or helped to explain the change. You will now apply your learning to a current event of change.

Looking at any change event that is currently in the news, apply two of these theories and analyze how each perspective would explain the cause, need for, or the result of this change. You can find change in many news stories, but examples might include a specific political change, environmental regulation, or social issue.

a summary paragraph that informs the reader about the change event that you have selected and a general statement/ thesis XYZ.

two paragraphs (one for each theory that you have selected) to outline how it might explain this specific event, and

a statement indicating which of the two theories you feel is a "better fit" when analyzing this change event.

This should be approximately 750-1200 words (1-2 pages).

Expert's answer

The Case Study 

The recent Black Lives Matter protests emaciated on June 6, when half a million persons turned out in nearly five hundred and fifty places across the United States of America. That was a single day in more than a month of protests that continue today. A data science company proposes that about fifteen million to twenty-six million populace in the United States of America have contributed to protests over the death of George Floyd and others in the latest weeks.

Cyclical Theory

Cyclical change is a disparity on the unilinear theory which was established by both Arnold J. Toynbee and Oswald Spengler. The sociologists argued that civilizations and societies change according to cycles of rising, drop and fall just as people are born, mature, grow old, and die. In accordance to the thinkers, every society has a pre-determined life cycle namely birth, growth, maturity, and decline. Society, after passing through all these phases of the life cycle, returns to the initial stage and therefore the cycle begins again.

Notably, a society can propagate and survive if it can fruitfully respond to the challenges it faces. Cyclical theory of change or occasionally called rise and fair theory assumes that social phenomena of whatsoever sort reappear again and again, precisely as they were before in a cyclical manner.

Economic Theory of Social Change

According to the Economic Theory of Social change, change is the order and nature of society. It is an intrinsic trait in the matter through the illogicality of forces that occur. The proponent of the theory maintains that matter is an objective reality, existing outside and sovereign of the mind of a person. The activity of the mind does not ascend self-governing of the material world. All that is spiritual or mental is the creation of the material process in this world. The world, by its very nature, is material.

Everything which exists comes into being on the foundation of material sequence, rises, and matures in accor­dance with the laws of a wave of matter. Things come into being, exist, and stop to exist, not each autonomous of all other things however each in its association with others.

Things cannot commend each unconnectedly and by itself nonetheless only in their relative and intercon­nections. The world does not involve permanent constant things with certain properties however of endless processes of nature in which things go through an alteration of coming into being and passing away.


Finally, Cyclical Theory can explain well the racism that is being witnessed in the United States of America. Notably, black people have been discriminated against by whites since time immemorial and it is being continued up to the current era. 

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