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Answer to Question #56223 in Finance for Alexander

Question #56223
Citing specific cases discuss the agency problems that have been experienced by shareholders in some of the listed Kenyan companies.Discuss measures that has been used by shareholders to minimize the agency
Expert's answer
Agency problems connected with a conflict of interest between the needs of the principal and the needs of the agent. These problems come up when shareholders delegate authority to oversee the operations to their management. So, agency problems exist between the owners and the management of a company. Why? There are a few reasons of it:
• When managers own less than 100% of the firm's common stock.
• When managers can make decisions that makes a conflict with the best interests of the shareholders.
Agency problems have some disadvantages and negative consequences. There are such popular of them:
• Most managers on average are highly paid. Therefore for the share plan to be attractive it must consist of substantial number of shares.
• The plan assumes managers rationality i.e. that their marginal utility for an extra shilling increases indefinitely. This is not always the case.
• Possibilities of over emphasizing on wealth maximization in the short run without considering the long run financial implications.
• Possible conflict between the medium level mangers and the CEO where the former feels that they are not being considered for the senior most positions in the company and that can lead to conflict of interests which can jeopardize the ultimate goal and others.
When the shareholders try to maximize their own interest’s they incur additional costs. These costs are called monitoring costs. The shareholders should make less them.

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