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Answer to Question #56209 in Finance for Ying

Question #56209
What is the Central Bank?
Expert's answer
A central bank is an institution that manages a state's currency, supply of money and different interest rates. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank has a monopoly on increasing the monetary base in the state (monopoly on printing national currency).
The primary function and purpose of a central bank is to control the state's money supply using such policies as:
- change of interest rates,
- setting the reserve requirement (the amount of deposit money, which the commercial bank should hold in central bank),
- lender of last resort to the banking sector in crisis times.
In the US, Federal Reserve System plays the role of the central bank.

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