how many moles and molecules of o2 are there in 64g of O2 .What is the mass of one molecules of O2?
Moles are in O2 in 64 grams: n = m/M = 64g/32g per mol = 2 moles Molecule of O2 consisy of 2 anoms, then: 64 g x 1 mol/ 16 g = 64 mol / 16 (grams cancel) 64 / 16 = 4 mol Then in order to find molecules you need to know avogadro's number, which is basically just the definition and value for the unit mol. avogadro's number states that 1 mole = 6.02 x 10^23 so, we use a conversion factor again to find how many molecules are in 4 moles. 4 moles X 6.02 X 10^23 / 1 mole = (moles cancel)(multiply 4 and 6.02) = 24.08 x 10^23 You need to move the decimal point so that the number is between 1 and 10. So we move the decimal point once space to the left to create: 2.408 The exponent also needs to change from 10^23 to 10^24 to account for the decimal place we moved. So, in 64 grams of oxygen there are 2.408 x 10^24 oxygen molecules, you should probably just write this answer as 2.4 x 10^24 because this accounts for the significant figures you started out with (you had 2 when we started out with the molar mass of oxygen @ 16) and now, we have two again.
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