Answer to Question #2728 in Inorganic Chemistry for RAJI

Question #2728
Describe the types of cohesive forces.
Expert's answer
Cohesive forces are the intermolecular forces (such as those from hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals forces) which cause a tendency to resist separation. These attractive forces exist between molecules of the same substance. For instance, rain falls in droplets, rather than a fine mist, because water has strong cohesion which pulls its molecules tightly together, forming droplets. This force tends to unite molecules of a liquid, gathering them into relatively large clusters due to the molecules' dislike
for its surrounding.

1.the van der Waals force (or van der Waals interaction) is the sum of the attractive or repulsive forces between molecules (or between parts of the same molecule) other than those due to covalent bonds or to the electrostatic interaction of ions with one another or with neutral molecules.The term includes:

force between two permanent dipoles (Keesom force)
force between a permanent dipole and a corresponding induced dipole (Debye force)
force between two instantaneously induced dipoles (London dispersion force)

2.A covalent bond is a form of chemical bonding that is characterized by the sharing of pairs of electrons between atoms, and other covalent bonds.
In short, the stable balance of attractive and repulsive forces between atoms when they share electrons is known as covalent bonding
3.electrostatic interaction (Coulomb's force) - electrostatic interaction between electrically charged particles
4. hydrogen bond is the attractive interaction of a hydrogen atom with an electronegative atom, such as nitrogen, oxygen or fluorine, that comes from another molecule or chemical group. The hydrogen must be covalently bonded to another electronegative atom to create the bond. These bonds can occur between molecules (intermolecularly), or within different parts of a single
molecule (intramolecularly).

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