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Answer to Question #27117 in Inorganic Chemistry for Kyriacos

Question #27117
Explain what is meant by neutralisation
Expert's answer
Neutralisation is a reaction between acid and base to form salt. Most salts are neither acidic or basic (doesn't contain neither H+ nor OH-). They are neutral (pH = 7). That's why such reactions are called neutralisation reactions.
For example, the most common neutralisation reaction is
HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) = NaCl(aq) + H2O

HCl + NaOH = NaCl + H2O
Acid pH<7 Base pH>7 Salt pH = 7 pH = 7
As it is shown above when we mix equal amounts of acid and base we have pH = 7 in the result which is neutral.
In that way acid neutralise base or base neutralise acid.

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