Answer to Question #93790 in Molecular Biology for Kylie

Question #93790
3.2 Briefly explain the four levels of protein structure. In your answer refer to a
protein haemoglobin and catabolite gene activator protein where applicable.
1
Expert's answer
2019-09-06T14:23:00-0400

The four levels of protein structure are primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary.

Specific order of amino acid linked by peptide bond forms a primary structure.

Polypeptides bend and fold to form a three-dimensional shape that can either look like a spiral (an alpha helix) or a sort of accordion shape (a beta-pleated sheet). These regular structure taken up by these polypeptides form a secondary structure.

Tertiary protein structure describes a final form of a functional protein comprised of its secondary structure components.  Tertiary structures form in relation to their environment, with hydrophobic amino acids on the interior of a protein and hydrophilic ones on the exterior.

The quaternary structure of a hemoglobin molecule includes four tertiary structure protein chains, two of which are alpha helices and two of which are beta-pleated sheets.

catabolite gene activator protein (CAP) is a DNA binding protein involved with the transcription of several genes. It operates in lac operon. CAP can activate or repress transcription initiation upon binding of cAMP. The cAMP-CAP complex binds to promoters on the DNA.


Need a fast expert's response?

Submit order

and get a quick answer at the best price

for any assignment or question with DETAILED EXPLANATIONS!

Comments

No comments. Be first!

Leave a comment

Ask Your question

LATEST TUTORIALS
New on Blog
APPROVED BY CLIENTS