Answer to Question #74396 in Cell Biology for Priya yadav
Characteristics of enzymes are:
• Enzymes are highly catalytic and have high specificity.
• Absolute specificity when enzymes respond specifically to only one substrate.
• Stereospecificity is that enzymes can detect different optical isomers and react only to one type of isomer.
• Reaction specific enzymes, these enzymes, as the name implies, react only to specific reactions.
• Enzymes of a group are those that catalyze a group of substances containing certain substances.
• The activity of the enzyme can be controlled, but the activity of the catalysts cannot be controlled.
• All enzymes are proteins.
• As proteins, enzymes can be coagulated with alcohol, heat, concentrated acids and alkaline reagents.
• At an elevated temperature, the reaction rate proceeds faster.
• The reaction rate causing the enzyme is high at optimal temperature.
• If the substrate shows a deviation greater than the optimum temperature or pH required for the enzyme to work, enzymes do not work in these conditions.
• By increasing the concentration of reagents and substrate, the reaction rate increases until the enzyme becomes a saturated substrate; increasing the amount of enzyme, increases the reaction rate.
• Inorganic substances, known as activators, increase the activity of the enzyme.
• Competitive inhibitors are substances that reciprocally bind to the active center of the enzyme, which prevents binding of the substrate to the enzyme.
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