Mitosis- is a process of cell division in which a single cell divides to two identical daughter cells.
The stages of mitosis are interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase
Meiosis-is a special type of cell division in sexually-reproducing organisms where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information.
- Both begins with diploid parent cell
- Both consists of interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase
- For both in metaphase individual chromosomes (pairs of chromatids) line up along the equator.
- For both during anaphase the sister chromatids are separated to opposite poles.
- Both ends with cytokinesis.
- It involves one cell division.
- Will results in two daughter cells
- will results in diploid daughter cells (chromosome number remains the same as parent cell)
- Daughter cells are genetically identical
- Occurs in all organisms except viruses
- Creates all body cells apart from the germ cells ie eggs and sperms
- No recombination/crossing over occurs in prophase.
- prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase occur once.
- In mitosis, cytokinesis does not always occur, some cells divide and are multinucleate, like muscle cells.
- It involves two successive cell divisions
- will results in four daughter cells
- will results in haploid daughter cells (chromosome number is halved from the parent cell)
- the daughter cells are genetically different
- It occurs only in animals, plants and fungi
- It creates germ cells (eggs and sperm) only
- Involves recombination/crossing over of chromosomes in prophase I
- prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase occur twice.
- In meiosis, cytokinesis must occur twice: once after telophase I and again, after telophase II
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