Answer to Question #3974 in Biochemistry for Cestmir Mares

Question #3974
Is it possible that every matter has kind of DNA that makes matter what it is?&
For example I see a cup, with water. The cup is made of atoms, there is so much space between the atoms but as a whole abiotic object we see a cup, the same with water, well it should be easier because there is a live. What holds them together? Could it be some kind of DNA? We do not see what keep cup as a cup, but we can easily change the information and break the cup, it shouldn’t break a part and if so it should be easy to put it back together with no much afford.&
When we form products, like a cup and it's a static in our eyes then the cup could keep record of all the process of creating and maybe it's whole live, is it possible? Those examples are infinity.Did Quantum Scientists search for that and if so what did they find? Could you send me a link where can I find the answer?
Expert's answer

First, do not overestimate role of DNA; DNA is a huge molecule that carries genetic information in living organisms, but it is not DNA that hold living
organisms together. All things (water, humans, cups, etc...) are composed of
molecules or atoms, and there are numerous forces of intramolecular and
intermolecular attraction that hold molecules together (see Molecules are not just balls that are situated one near other, each molecule or
atom is a complicated quantum structure that interacts in many ways with other
molecules and atoms (a scheme is here: Thus, forces hold molecules together, and these forces have pure physical
(quantum) nature (see list of forces: Furthermore, molecular forces are the same in living organisms and abiotic
objects. In modern physics and chemistry there is no need to add some "kind of
DNA that makes matter what it is", because properties of matter are quite good
described by physical and chemical theories.

Next, life is quite unclear thing because in some cases it is almost impossible to define if the thing is living or not. It depends on the personal
opinion of the explorer. We consider that cup is not a living object (because it
does not have characteristics of live that can be found here:, but obviously there are many bacteria that live on its surface.

Finally, theoretically the cup could keep record of all the process of creating, but we do not have equipment that can register this information. You
can read the article about the most famous research in this area.

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