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Answer to Question #76523 in C++ for LEE JIA WEI

Question #76523
Write a function num_uniques that takes in a string and returns the number of unique characters in the string.

Hint: You can use a std::map to maintain a count of the characters.

#include <string>

using namespace std;

int num_uniques(string str) {

//code..

}
Expert's answer
#include <map>
#include <string>

using namespace std;

int num_uniques(string str)
{
// Map store information about the count of characters
map<char, int> chars;

const int strLen = str.length();
for (int i = 0; i < strLen; ++i)
{
// Try to insert new element in map with current symbol
const auto insertRes = chars.insert(make_pair(str[i], 1));

/* If result of insert == false, then the symbol
* already exist in the map
* so we just increment its count
*/
if(!insertRes.second)
++(insertRes.first->second);
}

// Count symbols that were repeated only once
int numOfUniques = 0;
for (const auto it : chars)
if(it.second == 1)
++numOfUniques;

return numOfUniques;
}

int main()
{
const string str = "AA BB C D E fF";
const int numOfUniques = num_uniques(str);
printf("Num of unique characters: %d\n", numOfUniques);

system("pause");
return 0;
}

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