Question #4303

An object moves with constant acceleration 3.40 m/s2 and over a time interval reaches a final velocity of 11.8 m/s.
(a) If its initial velocity is 5.9 m/s, what is its displacement during the time interval?
m
(b) What is the distance it travels during this interval?
m
(c) If its initial velocity is
−5.9
m/s, what is its displacement during the time interval?
m
(d) What is the total distance it travels during the interval in part (c)?

Expert's answer

a=3.4 acceleration of an object

Vf=11.8 final velosity of an object

V0=5.9 initial velosity

a) if an object moves with constant acceleration we can find its velosity at any time moment using formula

V=V0+at

from that formula we can find t:

t=(Vf-V0)/a=(11.8-5.9)/3.4 =1.74 s - total time

Displasement S=S0+V0t+at^2/2

where S0- initial position, S0=0

So displacement S=5.9*1.74+3.4*1.74^2/2=10.2+5.15=15.25 m

distance is same thing as displacement here, because S>0 . In general distance is scalar quantity and displacement has direction(it's vector quantity)

b) distance& 15.25 m as explained above

c ) Now V0=-5.9

t=(Vf-V0)/a=(11.8+5.9)/2=5.2

Displacement

S=V0t+at^2/2=-5.9*5.2+3.4*5.2^2/2=-30.9+46=15.1 m

distance is same thing as displacement here, because S>0 . So distance D=15.1 m

d)distance D=15.1 m

Vf=11.8 final velosity of an object

V0=5.9 initial velosity

a) if an object moves with constant acceleration we can find its velosity at any time moment using formula

V=V0+at

from that formula we can find t:

t=(Vf-V0)/a=(11.8-5.9)/3.4 =1.74 s - total time

Displasement S=S0+V0t+at^2/2

where S0- initial position, S0=0

So displacement S=5.9*1.74+3.4*1.74^2/2=10.2+5.15=15.25 m

distance is same thing as displacement here, because S>0 . In general distance is scalar quantity and displacement has direction(it's vector quantity)

b) distance& 15.25 m as explained above

c ) Now V0=-5.9

t=(Vf-V0)/a=(11.8+5.9)/2=5.2

Displacement

S=V0t+at^2/2=-5.9*5.2+3.4*5.2^2/2=-30.9+46=15.1 m

distance is same thing as displacement here, because S>0 . So distance D=15.1 m

d)distance D=15.1 m

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