Question #7493

For a damped harmonic oscillation, the equation of motion is

0, 2

2

+ g + kx =

dt

dx

dt

d x

m

with m = 0.25 kg, g = 0.07 kgs−1 and k = 85 Nm−1. Calculate (i) the period of motion,

(ii) number of oscillations in which its amplitude will become half of its initial value,

(iii) the number of oscillations in which its mechanical energy will drop to half of its initial

value, (iv) its relaxation time, and (v) quality factor. (4×5 = 20

0, 2

2

+ g + kx =

dt

dx

dt

d x

m

with m = 0.25 kg, g = 0.07 kgs−1 and k = 85 Nm−1. Calculate (i) the period of motion,

(ii) number of oscillations in which its amplitude will become half of its initial value,

(iii) the number of oscillations in which its mechanical energy will drop to half of its initial

value, (iv) its relaxation time, and (v) quality factor. (4×5 = 20

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