a dry cell when short-circuited will furnish about 30 amperes for a brief time. If its emf is 1.5 volts, ehat is its internal resistance? an ordinary household electric lamp takes about 1 amp will it be safe to connect it directly to the dry cell? Why?
I=E/(r+R), where I current E EMF, r is internal resistance, R is resistance of whole circuit. If the circuit is short-circuited then R will be 0 ohm r=E/i r=1.5/30=0.05 ohm P=I*E P(if R=0)=1.5*30=45 w(on internal resistance) P(if R not 0, light bulb resistance, for example)=1*1.5=1.5 w - is much less than 45 w but P(r)=1*0.05=0.05 w(power on internal resistance, with connected light bulb)