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Answer to Question #70883 in Astronomy | Astrophysics for M.Mujtaba

Question #70883
I learned Kepler's second law which was about equal areas and we PROVED that law of areas mathematically and also in his third law we PROVED, mathematically, that the period squared is equal to semi-major axis cubed, but in his first law which is:"All planets move about the Sun in elliptical orbits, having the Sun as one of the foci" we did not PROVE this law. My instructor just said that "as L is constant, which implies that the orbit lies in a plane!" It just says that the orbit lies in a plane, not that it is elliptical which is actually the law. Should not we be proving that the orbit is elliptical with Sun as on of the foci? Or am I missing something?
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Assignment Expert
13.11.17, 15:28

Math language in Kepler's time was quite different from nowdays and cannot be reproduced here. In fact, Kepler used measurements of Tycho Brahe to get his laws.

Mujtaba Baig
09.11.17, 13:16

Well calculus did not exist in times of Kepler, so say I was living in his time, how would he prove that to me?

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