Answer to Question #99865 in Statistics and Probability for Linta

Question #99865
a company uses 3 machines A,B,C.propotion of products produced by the machine are .2,.48,.22 . the percent defective for each machines is 1% 2% and 3% of their individual output. a defective output is drawn from a days production.what is probability that it was not prpduced by A?.
1
Expert's answer
2019-12-03T09:48:08-0500

Suppose E is the event of getting defected output.

Then from the question, we have:

@$P(A)=0.2,P(B)=0.48,P(C)=0.22@$

@$P(E/A)=0.01,P(E/B)=0.02,P(E/C)=0.03@$

Now, we need to find the probability that if the bulb is defective then it is not produced by A, that means it is produced by either B or C.

That is, we need to find @$P(B/E)+P(C/E)@$

Now,

@$P(B/E)=(P(B)*P(E/B))/(P(A)*P(E/A)+P(B)*P(E/B)+P(C)*P(E/C)) @$

@$P(B/E)=(0.48*0.02)/(0.2*0.01+0.48*0.02+0.22*0.03)@$

@$=0.0096/(0.0020+0.0096+0.0066)@$

@$=0.0096/0.0182@$

@$=0.5275@$


Now, similarly:

@$P(C/E)=(P(C)*P(E/C))/(P(A)*P(E/A)+P(B)*P(E/B)+P(C)*P(E/C))@$

@$P(C/E)=(0.22*0.03)/(0.2*0.01+0.48*0.02+0.22*0.03)@$

@$=0.0066/(0.0020+0.0096+0.0066)@$

@$=0.0066/0.0182@$

@$=0.3626@$


So, the probability that the if the output is defected then it was not produced by A will be equal to ,

@$P(B/E)+P(C/E)=0.5275+0.3626@$

@$=0.8901@$


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