Question #12040

If A is the set of triangles in a plane then prove that the relation R defined by "a is similar to b" is an equivalence relation.

Expert's answer

Two geometrical objects (in this case – triangles) are called similar if they both have the same shape, or one has the same shape as the mirror image of the other. Obviously, this relation satisfies following conditions:

a ~ a. (Reflexivity)

if a ~ b then b ~ a. (Symmetry)

if a ~ b and b ~ c then a ~ c. (Transitivity)

So, relation R is an equivalence relation.

a ~ a. (Reflexivity)

if a ~ b then b ~ a. (Symmetry)

if a ~ b and b ~ c then a ~ c. (Transitivity)

So, relation R is an equivalence relation.

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