Answer to Question #23870 in Abstract Algebra for Hym@n B@ss
Assuming this, consider now anysimple left R-module V , say V = R/m, where m is amaximal left ideal. By the property quoted above, we see that annr(m) <>0. Fix a nonzero element a ∈ R such thatma = 0, and define
ϕ : R → R by ϕ(r) = ra. Then ϕ is a nonzero endomorphism of RR,with m ⊆ ker(ϕ). Since m is a maximal left ideal,we have m = ker(ϕ). Therefore ϕ(R) ∼ R/m = V. So ϕ(R) is the minimal left ideal wesought.
Need a fast expert's response?Submit order
and get a quick answer at the best price
for any assignment or question with DETAILED EXPLANATIONS!