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Q. Find the dimension of the subspace of R4 that is span of the vectors
(█(1¦(-1)@0@1)), (█(2¦1@1@1)),(█(0¦0@0@0)),(█(1¦1@-2@-5))

Q. Let b and c are elements in a group G and e is identity element of G. If b5=c3=e,then inverse of bcb2 is
a. b2cb
b. b3c2b4
d. b2c2b4
Let N ∈d , where d ≠1 and d is not divisible by the square of a prime. Prove that N:Z[square root of d] maps N union {0} : N(a+b sqr root d) = |a^2 -db^2| satisfies the following properties for x,y belongs to Z[sqr root d].

1. N(x) = 0 if x=0.
2 N(xy) = N(x)N(y)
3. N(x) =1 if x is a unit
4. N(x) is prime if x is irreducible.
A linear equation over R can have at most one root in C\R.
a) Let d∈N , where d ≠1 and d is not divisible by the square of a prime.
Prove that N:Z[√d]→N∪{0}:N(a+b√d)=|a²-db²| satisfies the following properties for x,y∈Z[√d] :
i) N(x) = 0⇔x=0
ii) N(xy) = N(x)N(y)
iii) N(x) =1⇔ x is a unit
iv) N(x) is prime ⇒x is irreducible in Z[√d ] .
b) Prove or disprove that C≃ R as fields.
a) Let d∈N , where d ≠1 and d is not divisible by the square of a prime.
Prove that N:Z[√d]→N∪{0}:N(a+b√d)=|a²-db²| satisfies the following properties for x,y∈Z[√d] :
i) N(x) = 0⇔x=0
ii) N(xy) = N(x)N(y)
iii) N(x) =1⇔ x is a unit
iv) N(x) is prime ⇒x is irreducible in Z[√d ] .
b) Prove or disprove that C≃ R as fields.
a) Give two distinct maximal ideals of R[x] , with justification.
b) Give an example, with justification, of rings R and S with a ring homomorphism
φ:R→S such that P is a prime ideal of R but φ(P) is not a prime ideal of S.
c) Let D be a Euclidean domain, with Euclidean valuation d . Prove that if n∈N such
that d(1) + n≥0 , then f :D \ {0}→Z : f (x) = d(x) + n is also a Euclidean valuation
on D .
a) Consider the ring R= Z(subscript)3[x] / < x^8 - 1>
i) Is R a finite ring?
ii) Does R have zero divisors?
iii) Does R have nilpotent elements?
b) Give an example, with justification, of a subset of a ring that is a subgroup under
c) Construct a multiplication (Cayley) table for 3Z/9Z.
a) If G is a group of order 40, and H and K are its subgroups of orders 20 and 10,
then check whether or not HK ≤ G . Further, show that o(H∩K) ≥ 5.
b) Prove that C*/S~=R+, where S ={z∈C*| |z|=1}, R+ ={x∈R| x>0} and C*=C\{0}.
c) What are the possible algebraic structures of a group of order 99?
a)Let S be a set with n elements, n >= 3 . Let B be the set of bijective mappings of S
onto itself.
i) Check whether (B, o) is a group or not.
ii) Give the cardinality of the set B .
b) Check whether or not H = {x∈R*|x =1 or x∉Q } is a subgroup of ( R*,.) . Also
check whether K = {x∈R*|x>=1} is a subgroup of R* or not.
c) Let U(n) ={x∈N|1<+x<n,(x,n)=1}. Show that U(n) is a group w.r.t.
multiplication modulo n . Also show that U(14) is cyclic and U(20) is not
cyclic.
d) Obtain the centre of Q_8 and two distinct right cosets of Z(Q_8 ) in Q_8.
1. Which of the following statements are true? Give reasons for your answers.
i) If f : S->S is 1-1, where S is a set, then f is onto.
ii) The signature of the product of k disjoint cycles in S_n is k .
iii) R[x] has no maximal ideal.
iv) If m| n in Z , then mZ is an ideal of Z/ nZ .
v) Every non-trivial subgroup of an infinite group is infinite.
vi) The characteristic of the quotient field of any UFD is zero.
vii) If H and K are subgroups of a group G , then HK is also a subgroup of G .
viii) If the order of a group is even, then it cannot have an element of odd order.
ix) If R is an integral domain, then R / I has no zero divisors, where I is an ideal of R .
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