Inductive reasoning is used whereby perceived similarities are used as a basis to infer some further similarity that has yet to be observed.
Deductive reasoning process commences with a set of pre-determined premises that cannot be derived from the system. These premises are known as 'axioms' in logic.
Conductive reasoning has multiple independent premises that are convergent, that don't depend or rely on each other. Each premise counts separately in support or against the conclusion. If one or more premises were removed from the argument, the argument would still stand.
Analogical reasoning or argument by analogy can be defined as a specific way of thinking, based on the idea that because two or more things are similar in some respects, they are probably also similar in some further respect.