Answer to Question #170230 in Engineering for Lovely Kumari

Question #170230

Discuss the various recent application and scope of genetic engineering

Expert's answer

Genetic engineering is used medicine, research, industry and agriculture. Multiple organisms, including bacteria, fungi, animals, and plants can be genetically modified.

In medicine, genetic engineering is used for the synthesis of hormones (insulin, human growth hormones), human albumin, antibodies, vaccines, and antihemophilic factors. Genetic engineering is also used for the treatment of several genetic disorders. In industry genetic engineering is used to transform microorganisms or insect mammalian cells with a gene of interest. This procedure provides the production of a certain protein in large quantities.

In agriculture, genetic engineering is used to create genetically-modified crops with new specific traits.

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