Answer to Question #220324 in Mechanical Engineering for J MAYAKAYAKA

Question #220324

Most production processes generate defectives. However, the percentage of defectives will usually

be kept as low as possible. To check the production process, random samples or products are

usually drawn and tested.

Consider a certain mass-produced item. Suppose that the production process yields at most 2%

defectives, at least when the process is what is termed ‘under control’. To check the quality of the

production process, 400 of the items are randomly selected each hour. If at most 9 defectives are

detected, then it is concluded that the process is, still under control and nothing is done. But if 10 or

more defectives are found, then it is concluded that the production process is, in the terminology,

‘out of control’, and the process is stopped and investigated. Below, p denotes the proportion of

defectives in the large hourly production and bp denotes the (random) sample proportion of the

defectives in an hourly sample of size 400


1
Expert's answer
2021-07-27T13:35:01-0400

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