Answer to Question #203684 in Electrical Engineering for Kenny

Question #203684

It is important to report and record accidents and incidents. Explain the underlying principles involved. Explain WHY we report? What we report? HOW we report? And WHYrecords are kept? You should make reference to: legal requirements, competent persons, costs, trends and the management of Health and Safety in an engineering workplace. 

Using an appropriate source, research industrial accident statistics, and describe how the trend in the engineering sector has changed in recent years. You must include a copy of the researched data with your answer. Consider any problems with statistical trends with accident data.


1
Expert's answer
2021-06-07T05:47:25-0400

Why we report

The study reports major occurrences and illnesses in the labor law enforcement authorities . It enables you to determine where and how the hazards occur and to explore them. It also enables HSE and local governments to focus and advise on ways to avoid fatalities, injury, ill health and unintentional loss in the workplace. Accident, event and poor health information may be utilized as a risk assessment assistance and can assist build risk solutions. Records also assist reduce injuries, maladies and unintentional loss expenses.

What we report

Any reportable death, injury, job-related sickness, or hazardous event of a person who is absent from the workplace or unable to carry out the regular task for more than 3 consecutive days (not counting the day of the accident but including any weekends or other rest days)

How we report

Reports should only be submitted under RIDDOR by 'responsible people' including employers, independents and those controlling the workplace. If you are an employee (or representative) or public member that want to report an occurrence that concerns you. The relevant online report form indicated below should be completed by the responsible personnel. The form is submitted to the RIDDOR database directly. You may then download a copy for your documents. Injury report, A hazardous incident report, A case of illness report, Incident flammable gas report, hazardous gas fitting report.

Why records are kept

Legal obligations are reporting and record keeping. The study reports major occurrences and illnesses in the labor law enforcement authorities (HSE and municipal authorities). It enables you to determine where and how the hazards occur and to explore them. It also allows the HSE and local governments to target their effort and advise on how fatalities, injuries, poor health and unintentional loss might be prevented in the work environment. Accident, event and poor health information may be utilized as a risk assessment assistance and can assist build risk solutions. Records also assist reduce injuries, maladies and unintentional loss expenses.

Trends

Fall accidents are a key form of construction sector accident. This study examines the fall accidents that happened between 1997 and 2019 in the United States. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) database contains 20997 construction industry accidents. Furthermore, this study examines many characteristics of fall accidents, such as fall height, fall and fall protection, and industrial kinds, along with projects where fall accident happened by utilizing data from 9141 fall incidents.

The following are explored in the analysis and the following results: First, there was a significant rise in the proportion of fall accidents of four main categories of accident (fall, hit, caught between them and electrocution). Secondly, in relation to the kind of project, the proportion of fall incidents in residential housing projects increased. Third, over 80% of fall crashes happened from less than 9.1 m above sea level and only 11% of fall victims were adequately fitted with fall protection. These data warn safety agencies that the present autumn accident situation has to be diagnosed and policies and laws revised in order to minimize those statistics.


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