Answer to Question #142415 in Electrical Engineering for Jisha

Question #142415
A series RLC circuit consists of a 20 Ω resistor, a 51 μF capacitor, and a 25 mH inductor. If
the source frequency is 50 Hz, and the circuit current is 350 mA, what is the applied voltage?
Also find the following:
(a) If the applied voltage to the circuit of above mentioned ckt is 12 V, what is the voltage
across the capacitor?
(b) In the circuit of above mentioned Ckt, what is the phase angle between the voltage
and the current?
Expert's answer

The impedance is

Z=\sqrt{R^2+\bigg(\omega L-\frac{1}{\omega C}\bigg)^2}.

The voltage is

V=ZI=20.3\text{ V}.

(a) The voltage across the capacitor is

V_C=IX_C=\frac{I}{\omega C}=2.18\text{ V}.

(b) The phase angle is

\phi=\text{atan}\bigg[\frac{X_L-X_C}{R}\bigg]=\text{atan}\bigg[\frac{\omega L-1/(\omega C)}{R}\bigg],\\\space\\ \phi=-69.9°.

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