Answer to Question #59177 in Macroeconomics for Junior

Question #59177
According to the equations PQ=MV and Q; ... wants to stimulate the economy [increas... A. Increase (Decrease) M by selling (buying... i. Gold ii. Stocks iii. Bonds iv. Dollars v. All (none) of the above B. What can go wrong? C. Explain how this works.
Expert's answer
If the Central Bank of a country wants to stimulate the economy [increase Q] during a recession it must Increase M by buying government bonds issued in the past.
The more money that is available in the market for lending, the lower the rates on these loans become, which causes more borrowers to access cheaper capital. This easier access to capital leads to greater investment and will often stimulate the overall economy. However, the increase in monetary base can lead to the inflation – a decrease of the money’s actual value.

An increase in monetary base means an increase money supply. Therefore by buying bonds the government supplies money to the market.

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