The city of Middleville is considering offering public bus service. Setting up the service will cost the city $1.2M (where M stands for million). The useful life of the buses is 25 years. Annual maintenance of the buses would cost $100,000 per year and they would need a major overhaul in year 15 that will cost a total of $700,000. This overhaul is in addition to the annual maintenance. Annual labor and administrative costs will begin at $180,000 in year 1 and grow at 2% per year thereafter. The buses will generate a revenue of $150,000 in year 1 and it will grow at 4% per year thereafter. Reduced parking requirements and other benefits generated by the project will save the city $200,000/year. The salvage value (price the city can get in the future after maintenance) of the used buses in year 25 is expected to be $300,000. What is the NPV of the bus proposal? The city does not pay taxes and the discount rate is 5%.(Again, all cash flows except initial investments happen at the end of the year.)
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