Question 1 (25 Marks)
1.1 Differentiate between fiscal policy and monetary policy.
1.2 The spread of COVIC-19 across all countries of the world resulted in resorting to various forms of
lockdown measures. The locks down measures crippled many economies including the South African
Economy. To resuscitate these economies, there is renewed interest in fiscal policy as a tool
macroeconomic policy. Critically discuss the shortcomings of anti-cyclical policy
Monetary policy refers to the actions of central banks to achieve macroeconomic policy objectives such as price stability, full employment, and stable economic growth. Fiscal policy refers to the tax and spending policies of the federal government.
In total, these lockdown measures have profound economic implications.In terms of recovery, the 'Quick' recovery scenario results in a GDP decline of about 5 per cent by the end of 2020—an economic outcome that would have been considered catastrophically bad a little more than one month ago.