Cummins India Ltd has the following capital structure, which it considers optimal:
Preference Shares 10%
Equity shares 65%
Applicable tax rate for the company is 25%. Risk free rate of return is 6%, average equity market investment has expected rate of return of 12%. The company’s beta is 1.10. Following terms would apply to new securities being issued as follows:
1. New preference can be issued at a face value of Rs. 100 per share, dividend and cost of issuance will be Rs. 10 per share and Rs. 2 per share respectively.
2. Debt will bear an interest rate of 9%
A) component cost of debt, preference shares and equity shares assuming that the company does not issue any additional equity shares.
a) Cost of Debt is given to be 10%
By issuing Preference shares, CP India Ltd can raise a net amount of Rs.100 -Rs.4 = Rs.96 and pay a dividend of Rs.8 annually
So, cost of preference shares to the company = Rs,8/Rs,96 = 0.0833 or 8.33%
Cost of equity (from CAPM) =risk free rate + beta × (Average equity return - risk free rate)
b) WACC = weight of debt× cost of debt× (1-tax rate) + Weight of preference shares × cost of preference shares + weight of equity × cost of equity
=0.1443 or 14.43%