Answer to Question #15131 in Economics of Enterprise for babu

Question #15131
The central bank decided to implement an expansionary policy action. What would you expect to happen to the nominal interest rate, the real interest rate and the money supply? Under what economic circumstances would this type of policy action be most likely appropriate for the country?
Expert's answer
In economics, expansionary policies are fiscal policies, like higher spending and tax cuts, that encourage economic growth. In turn, an expansionary monetary policy is monetary policy that seeks to increase the size of the money supply. In most nations, monetary policy is controlled by either a central bank or a finance ministry.
Neoclassical and Keynesian economics significantly differ on the effects and effectiveness of monetary policy on influencing the real economy; there is no clear consensus on
how monetary policy affects real economic variables (aggregate output or income,
employment). Both economic schools accept that monetary policy affects monetary
variables (price levels, interest rates).
Monetary policy relies on a number of tools: monetary base, reserve requirements, discount window lending and interest rate expansion of the monetary supply can be achieved indirectly by decreasing the nominal interest rates.

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