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Answer to Question #5247 in Physical Chemistry for Jermain

Question #5247
Two chemists discovered a goldmine. They took a sample and discovered that besides gold, the sample contained four other impurities listed below. How can these scientists seperate their gold from the sample?

Au - nonmagnetic, H20-insoluble, melting point (500 Celsius)
Silica - solid. highly impure, nonmagnetic, melting point (900 celsius)
MgCl2 - H20-soluble, crystal, nonmagnetic
Fe - highly magnetic, H20-insoluble
FeSO4 - solid, nonmagnetic, highly electrostatic
Expert's answer
They can separate their gold from the sample in a following way:

1. Separate Fe by a magnet;
2. Separate MgCl2 by water flushing;
3. Separate FeSO4 by electrostatic action;
4. Separate gold from silica by heating the sample to a temperature 500 Celsius until the gold melt.

At last they'll obtain a clear gold.

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