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Answer to Question #31589 in Physical Chemistry for kala rob

Question #31589
what is the chemical properties of the sun?
what is the chemical properties of the earth?
what is the chemical properties and the physical structure of murcury
Expert's answer
Mercury consists of approximately 70% metallic and 30% silicate material. [ 12 ] Mercury's density is the second highest in the Solar System at 5.427 g/cm 3 , only slightly less than Earth's density of 5.515 g/cm 3 . [ 2 ] If the effect of gravitational compression were to be factored out, the materials of which Mercury is made would be denser, with an uncompressed density of 5.3 g/cm 3 versus Earth's 4.4 g/cm 3
The mass of the Earth is approximately 5.98×1024 kg. It is composed mostly of iron (32.1%), oxygen (30.1%), silicon (15.1%), magnesium (13.9%), sulfur (2.9%), nickel (1.8%), calcium (1.5%), and aluminium (1.4%); with the remaining 1.2% consisting of trace amounts of other elements. Due to mass segregation, the core region is believed to be primarily composed of iron (88.8%), with smaller amounts of nickel (5.8%), sulfur (4.5%), and less than 1% trace elements.

The sun is constantly fusing hydrogen into helium, but don't expect the ratio of hydrogen to helium to change anytime soon. The sun is 4.5 billion years old and has converted about half of the hydrogen in its core into helium. It still has about 5 billion years before the hydrogen runs out.


Element & Abundance (% of total Abundance
& & & & & & & & & number of atoms) & & & (% of total mass)
Hydrogen & & & & & & & & 91.2 & & & & & & & & & 71.0
Helium & & & & & & & & & 8.7 & & & & & & & & & & & 27.1
Oxygen 0.078 0.97
Carbon & & & & & & & & & 0.043 0.40
Nitrogen & 0.0088 & & & & & & & 0.096
Silicon & 0.0045 0.099
Magnesium 0.0038 & & & & & & & 0.076
Neon 0.0035 0.058
Iron & & & & & & & & & & & & & 0.030 & & & & & & & & 0.014
Sulfur 0.015 & & & & & & & & 0.04

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