Answer to Question #47967 in Other Chemistry for marie esparzazua
2. Who was the first person to suggest the idea of atoms, in the fourth century B.C?
3. Which of the following is NOT a part of Dalton’s atomic theory?
a. All elements are composed of atoms.
b. All atoms of the same element are the same.
c. Atoms that combine do so in simple whole-number ratios.
d. Atoms are always in motion.
4. What particles form the nucleus of an atom?
5. Which of the following is correct concerning subatomic particles?
a. The proton was discovered by Thomson in 1880.
b. Cathode rays were found to be made of protons.
c. The neutron was discovered by Chadwick in 1932.
d. The electron was discovered by Goldstein in 1886.
e. Canal rays were found to be made of protons, electrons, and neutrons.
6. Dalton theorized that atoms are indivisible and that all atoms of an element are identical. We know that__________.
a. Atoms of an element can have different numbers of protons
b. Dalton’s theories are correct
c. All atoms of an element are not identical but they all must have the same mass
d. Atoms are divisible
7. As a consequence of the discovery of the nucleus by Rutherford, which model of the atom is believed to be true?
a. A model in which the nucleus is made of protons, electrons, and neutrons
b. A model in which the nucleus is made of neutrons only
c. A model in which the region outside the nucleus is largely empty space in which the electrons are situated
d. A model in which the nucleus is made of electrons and protons
e. A model in which the protons, electrons, and neutrons are evenly distributed throughout the volume of the atom
8. The nucleus of an atom is ____________.
a. Positively charged and has a high density
b. Negatively charged and has a high density
c. Positively charged and has a low density
d. Negatively charged and has a low density
9. The atomic number of an element is the total number of which particles in the nucleus?
10. The mass number of an element is equal to __________.
11. The sum of protons and neutrons in an atom equals the _________.
12. Using the periodic table, determine the number of neutrons in oxygen-16.
13. What does the number 84 in the name krypton-84 represent?
14. What unit is used to measure average relative atomic mass?
15. All atoms of the same element have the same________.
a. Number of protons
b. Mass numbers
c. Number of electrons
16. Which of the following equals one atomic mass unit?
a. The mass of one electron
b. The mass of one helium atom
c. One gram
d. One-twelfth the mass of one carbon atom
e. The mass of one carbon atom
17. Isotopes of the same element have different ________.
18. In which of the following is the number of neutrons correctly represented?
a. 12 Mg has 24 neutrons.
b. 92U has 146 neutrons.
c. 33As has 108 neutrons.
d. 9F has 0 neutrons.
e. 79Au has 79 neutrons.
19. The average atomic mass of an element is equal to_______.
20. Consider an element Z that has two naturally occurring isotopes with the following percent abundances: the isotope with a mass number of 20 is 25% abundant; the isotope with a mass number of 22 is 75% abundant. What is the average atomic mass for element Z?
21. What are the Group A elements known as?
22. Of the elements Fe, Hg, U, Te, and Y, which is a representative element?
23. Of the elements Pt, Sc, V, Li, and Kr, which is a nonmetal?
24. What is each vertical column of elements on the periodic table called?
25. What criterion is used to arrange the elements in rows and columns on the periodic table?
26. Which of the following categories includes the majority of the elements?
27. A mystery element Q is a nonlustrous solid and a poor conductor of electricity. To what category of elements does it belong?
c. Transition metals
28. The modern periodic table is arranged in order of increasing atomic __________.
29. What is the electrical charge of a cation?
30. In which of the following is the symbol for the ion and the number of the electrons it contains given correctly?
a. S2- has 2 electrons
b. H+ has 1 electron
c. Ca2+ has 18 electrons
d. Al3+ has 16 electrons
e. Br- has 34 electrons
31. Ions form when atoms gain or lose ________.
32. Which of the following statements is correct concerning ions?
a. Anions form when an atom loses protons.
b. Cations form when an atom gains electrons.
c. Cations form when an atom loses electrons.
d. Anions form when an atom gains protons.
e. Cations are negatively charged particles and anions are positively charged particles.
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