Answer to Question #23865 in Other Chemistry for jarico
is it true or false that the number of electrons in an orbital depends on the orbital's shape?
It is true. Four numbers, n, ℓ, m and s can be used to describe any electron in a stable atom.The second quantum number is the angular quantum number, ℓ. Each value of n has multiple values of ℓ ranging in values from 0 to (n-1).This quantum number determines the 'shape' of the electron cloud. In chemistry, there are names for each values of ℓ. The first value, ℓ = 0 called an s orbital. s orbitals are spherical, centered on the nucleus. The second, ℓ = 1 is called a p orbital. p orbitals are usually polar and form a teardrop petal shape with the point towards the nucleus. ℓ = 2 orbital is called a d orbital. These orbitals are similar to the p orbital shape, but with more 'petals' like a clover leaf. They can also have ring shapes around the base of the petals. The next orbital, ℓ=3 is called an f orbital. These orbitals tend to look similar to d orbitals, but with even more 'petals'. Higher values of ℓ have names that follow in alphabetical order.