Answer to Question #191048 in Organic Chemistry for Natasha

Question #191048

Why are soluble fibers identified as prebiotics?

How does soluble fiber influence human blood cholesterol and sugar levels?


1
Expert's answer
2021-05-10T01:21:46-0400

Although some fiber cannot be digested by humans, it can be broken down by the microbes in our gut – a community of bacteria called the gut microbiota. Like fiber, prebiotics also act as food for beneficial microbes in the gut, and many current prebiotics are actually considered to be a form of soluble dietary fiber.

Soluble fiber found in beans, oats, flaxseed and oat bran may help lower total blood cholesterol levels by lowering low-density lipoprotein, or "bad," cholesterol levels. Studies also have shown that high-fiber foods may have other heart-health benefits, such as reducing blood pressure and inflammation.


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