Answer to Question #191022 in Organic Chemistry for Alexander

Question #191022

in each of the following cases give the name or structure of compound which fits the information given, explain your reasoning and write equation for the reactions involved . r is a liquid which reacts vigerously with concentrated aqueous ammonia to form a solid when is readily dehydrated by warming with phosphorus (v)oxide . s is a liquid which dissolves in hot aqueous sodium hydroxide to form a solution which on cooling and acidyfying prepitates a white solid, a solution of this solid carbon(iv)oxide with aqueous sodium carbonate

Expert's answer

a) R+Ammonia =Ammonium Nitrate

Accelerates the burning of combustible material. Produces toxic oxides of nitrogen during combustion. Used to make fertilizers and explosives, and as a nutrient.

b) Aqueous solutions of magnesium chloride and sodium hydroxide react with seashells to form solid calcium oxide and gaseous carbon dioxide.

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