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Answer to Question #36186 in Inorganic Chemistry for HOMANGA BHARADHWAJ

Question #36186
Dear Sir/Madam

I wanted to know what are the factors on which mobility of ions in a solvent depend?... Also is it true that a more ionic compound is more stable?
Expert's answer
The absolute mobility is the limiting mobility at zero ionic strength; it depends on the solvent and the temperature. It is obtained by extrapolation of the actual mobilities, those of the fully charged particles at finite ion concentration. The observed reduction of the absolute mobility with ionic concentration is related to an ion cloud, and is formulated by the established theories of ion conductance. It explains the actual mobility as function of (beside other factors) the ionic strength, the viscosity and relative permittivity of the solvent, the temperature, the relaxation time of solvent polarisation and the distance of closest approach between ion and counterion. The effective mobility, finally, is the mobility when association and dissociation equilibria play a role. Most important are acid-base reactions, but complexation, ion pairing and homo- and heteroconjugation were considered as well.
The second approach treats mobility data with different mathematical methods, and formulates their dependence on variables like solvent composition with appropriate algorithms.

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23.10.13, 17:41

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18.10.13, 14:04

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