1. Draw structure of a tertiary alcohol, give its correct name and the show the REACTION MECHANISM for the formation of an alkyl halide from this alcohol.
- The reaction is SN1, it takes place through 3 STEPS and TWO carbocations forms as intermediates.
- The reaction was carried in the presence of an acid and in the presence of halide ions, and not at elevated temperature.
- Halide ions are good nucleophiles (they are much stronger nucleophiles than water), and since halide ions are present in high concentration, most of the carbocations react with an electron pair of a halide ion to form a more stable species, the alkyl halide product.
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