Answer to Question #183103 in Inorganic Chemistry for Vaish

Question #183103

What is the function of the acid catalyst in the first step of the fishcher esterification of a carboxylic acid


1
Expert's answer
2021-04-19T07:31:49-0400

The Fischer esterification uses sulphuric acid as a catalyst. It protonates the carboxylic acid carbonyl group and not the feature of hydroxyl. The resulting cation is a stable resonance. Because the reaction is a 1:1 reaction (carboxylic acid: alcohol), the limiting reagents are the carboxylic acid.


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