Answer to Question #15876 in Inorganic Chemistry for Paula
Aluminum bromate is a hydrated compound (that is, there are water molecules associate with the aluminum bromate). If you heat 15.0801 g of this salt, it loses its water and the mass remaining is found to be 11.1626 g. What is the number of water molecules in the molecular formula of the hydrate and what is the molecular formula of aluminum bromate hydrate?
The molecular mass of aluminium bromate is 410.7 g/mol. The one mol of aluminium bromate hydrate can produce x moles of water: Al(BrO3)3*xH2O = Al(BrO3)3 + x H2O The mass of the water is 15.0801 - 11.1626 = 3.9175 g The amount of aluminium bromate is 11.1626/410.7 = 0.0272 mol The amount of water is 3.9175/18 = 0.2176 mol The number of water molecules is x = n(H2O)/n(Al(BrO3)3) = 0.2176 / 0.0272 = 8 The molecular formula of aluminium bromate hydrate is Al(BrO3)3*8H2O