Answer to Question #157762 in Inorganic Chemistry for Nawid Sayed

Question #157762

Dear Sir/Madam

can you please answer this question for me.

thanks in advance


​1-Chloropropane was hydrolysed by an aqueous potassium hydroxide solution. 

 

   C3H7Cl   +  KOH   →    C3H7OH    +   KCl  

​​   1-Chloropropane​           Propan-1-ol

 

​During the reaction, the reactant potassium hydroxide is used up. Samples of the reaction mixture were drawn off at regular time intervals and analysed by titration with standard hydrochloric acid to find out the concentration of KOH. 

    The results are given in the table below:

 

Time / s

Concentration of OH-  / mol dm-3


0.500

100

0.350

200

0.250

300

0.180

400

0.125

500

0.090

600

0.063

       700

0.040

800

0.030

​​​​​

(a)

From the above information, Plot a Concentration of OH- (mol dm-3) against Time (s) graph. The graph MUST be a hand drawn (plotted) graph. 


(b)

Select 4 suitable points along your graph [see part (a)] and draw tangents to find the rates. Construct a table of “Rate” against “Concentration”. Note: The rates need to be calculated and the calculations shown.


(c)

Plot a graph of Rate against Concentration of OH-. The graph MUST be a hand drawn (plotted) graph.


(d)

From your graph in part (c) deduce the Order of Reactionwith respect to OH- (hydroxide ions).

(

(e)

Write a rate equation with respect to concentration of hydroxide ions.


(f)

Calculate the rate constant k from the gradient of the graph, drawn in part (c). Show and explain your working.



1
Expert's answer
2021-01-26T03:10:34-0500

The actual concentrations of NO 2 are plotted versus time in part The ... This plot is a straight line, indicating that the reaction is second order in NO 2. ... Plot a graph of the concentration versus t, ln concentration versus t, and ... of using graphs to determine reaction order is to use relative rate information

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