Answer to Question #153338 in Inorganic Chemistry for Sandra

Question #153338

The Group I elements (Li to Cs) and Group II elements (Be to Ba) are s-block elements

(i) State and explain how the first ionisation energy of the elements vary from Group I to Group II and down the groups

A : From Group I to II

Explanation

B : Down the groups

Explanation


1
Expert's answer
2021-02-09T03:33:25-0500

Ionization Energy is the minimum amount of energy required to remove an electron from the outermost shell of a neutral or gaseous atom.

A. Group II elements have slightly higher Ionization Energies compared to their corresponding group I elements.

This is because group II elements have smaller atomic sizes due to a greater nuclear charge than corresponding group I elements. As one moves from group I to group II in each period, the outer shell electrons become more strongly attracted to the nucleus hence require slightly more energy to remove.


B. Ionization Energy decreases down group I and group II elements.

This is due to an increase in atomic size (radius) caused by the successive increase in the number of electrons filled energy levels/shells as one moves down each group. as the atomic sizes increase, the outer shell electrons become loosely attracted to the positive nucleus, hence can easily be removed.



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