20cm3 of gaseous hydrocarbon z was burnt in 210cm3 of excess oxygen, after cooling to room temperature the gaseous product occupied a volume of 170cm3. When the gaseous mixture was passed through conc potassium hydroxide solution the volume reduced by 80cm3.
1. Write the equation for the reaction that took place
2.Determine molecular formular of z.
1) equation: let the hydrocarbon be CxHy
CxHy + y/4 O2 = ×CO2 + y/2H2O
2)moles of CO2 produced = 1×80/24000=0.00333 moles
Moles of H2O produced = 1×90/24000= 0.00375
X/y/2 = 0.00333/0.00375
The molecular formula is therefore C4H8