Hypochlorous acid is a powerful deprotenizer and oxidizer. It is produced by neutrophils.
It reacts with many biological molecules like thiol, heme, proteins, amino groups and proteins.
Synthesis of HOCl is through the following methods;
Hydrolysis of chlorine gas.
Electrolysis of salt solution
Acidification of hypochlorite
Hydrogen ion concentration(pH) determines the proportion of HOCl and hypochlorite ion as its pH ranges between pH to pH
At high pH, is found, while at a lower pH, the solution exists as a mixture of chlorine and in solution form.
Analytical methods to determine HOCl include;