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Answer to Question #56896 in General Chemistry for Buono11

Question #56896
Sodium chlorate (NaClO3(s)) dissociates, during moderate heating to produce solid sodium chloride (NaCl(s)) and gaseous oxygen (O2 (g)). A 3.4671 g of impure sodium chlorate was heated until the evolution of oxygen stopped. The mass of sample residue was subsequently found to be 2.9073 g. What wt% of the original impure sample was really sodium chlorate? Assume that no gases will be evolved from the impurities.
Expert's answer
Reaction equation:
2NaClO3 = 2NaCl + 3O2
The mass of the Oxygen is:
m(O2) = 3.4671 - 2.9073 = 0.5598 (g);
The mass of the salt is:
m(NaClO3) = 2 * 106.44 * 0.5598 / 32 * 3 = 1.2413 (g);

w(NaClO3) = 1.2413 / 3.4671 = 35.8 (%);

Answer: 35.8 %

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