Answer to Question #54369 in General Chemistry for Amit

Question #54369
In HF the experimental bond length value is less than the sum of covalent radii. Explain why.
1
Expert's answer
2015-09-02T05:46:33-0400
The energy of each bond formed by two different atoms (H-F) has two parts:
E = Ec + Ei , where Ec – the energy conditioned by the covalency of the bond and Ei – the energy conditioned by the electrostatic attraction between atoms.
The covalent radii are obtained by calculating the distance between equal atoms (H-H or F-F) when Ei = 0. Therefore, if Ei is not counted, the experimental distance differs from the calculated one.
It becomes shorter because the bound atoms with different electronegativities have the opposite charges (Hδ+ and Fδ-). Thus, they are attracted to each other increasing the energy of the bond, which means the bond becomes shorter.

Need a fast expert's response?

Submit order

and get a quick answer at the best price

for any assignment or question with DETAILED EXPLANATIONS!

Comments

No comments. Be first!

Leave a comment

Ask Your question

LATEST TUTORIALS
New on Blog
APPROVED BY CLIENTS