Answer to Question #198095 in General Chemistry for Master j

Question #198095

1. What is the pH of a 0.34 M solution of (weak acid) HF if the Ka = 6.8x10-4

?


2. If the pH of a weak acid solution is 9.5 and the original concentration of base was 0.30 M

A. what is the pOH?

B. what is the concentration of OH-

?


C. what is the equilibrium concentration of the base?


D. what is the Kb of the base?


3. Find the pH of a 0.325 M (weak acid) acetic acid solution. Ka = 1.8 x 10-5

.


4. Find the pH of a 0.056 M (weak acid)propionic acid solution (Ka = 1.4 x 10-5

).


5. Find the pH of a 0.075 M solution of (weak acid) formic acid. The acid dissociation

constant (Ka) for formic acid is 1.8 x 10-4

.


6. Find the pH of a 0.15 M solution of (weak base) ammonia, NH3. Kb = 1.8 X 10-5


7. Find the pH of a 0.600 M solution of (weak base) methylamine CH3NH2. Kb = 4.4 x 10–4

.


8. If the pH of (weak acid) HC3H5O2 is 4.2 and the Ka = 1.34x10-5

A. what is the equilibrium concentration of HC3H5O2?


B. what was the initial concentration of HC3H5O before dissociation?


1
Expert's answer
2021-05-28T00:56:58-0400

1. Ka=[H+]×[F-]/[HF]

6.8*10-4=x*x/0.34-x from this eqution :

x2+6.8*10-4 - 2.312*10-4

x=0.0155 M ,

pH= -log [H+]=-log (0.0155)=1.8


2. BOH=B++OH-

pOH=14-9.5=4.5

[OH-]=10-pOH=10-4.5=3.162*10-5M

equlibrium concentration(BOH)=0.3--3.162*10-5 =0.29996838M

Kb=[B+]×[OH-]/[BOH]=3.162*10-5 ×3.162*10-5/0.29996838=1*10-9


3.HA<-> H++A-

0.325 0 0

-x +x +x

0.325-x x x

Ka=[H+]*[A-]/[HA]

1.8*10-5=x*x/0.325-x

So x=0.00242M[H+] ,pH=-log [H+]=

-log(0.00242)=2.616


4.HA<-> H++A-

0.056 0 0

0.056-x +x +x

1.4*10-5=x*x/0.056

So x=0.0008854M

pH=-log[0.0008854]=3.05


5.

1.8*10-4=x*x/0.075

So x=0.003674M

pH=-log [0.003674]=2.4348



6.

1.8*10-5=x*x/0.15

So x=0.001643M

pH=-log [0.001643]=2.7843


7.

4.4*10-4=x*x/0.6

So x=0.016248M

pH=-log[0.016248]=1.7891



8.

pH=4.2

[H+]=10-pH=10-4.2=6.3*10-5M

HA <--> H+ + A-

6.3*10-5 6.3*10-5 6.3*10-5

x-6.3*10-5 +x +x

1.34*10-5=6.3*10-5*6.3*10-5/x-6.3*10-5

So x=0.0066M (HA)


Need a fast expert's response?

Submit order

and get a quick answer at the best price

for any assignment or question with DETAILED EXPLANATIONS!

Comments

No comments. Be the first!

Leave a comment

Ask Your question

LATEST TUTORIALS
New on Blog
APPROVED BY CLIENTS