Answer to Question #195253 in General Chemistry for marisol

Question #195253

Home ice cream makers use ice to cool a concentrated NaCl solution below the normal freezing point of water. What molal concentration of salt is needed to lower the freezing point to -4.25 C? Assume that the solution is ideal, and that the van't Hoff factor for NaCl is the expected (ideal) value.

Expert's answer

Kf for water = 1.86°C

If you have a solution that is 1m in particles , then the aqueous solution will freeze at -1.86° C.

Your solution freezes at -4.77°C

Therefore the solution is 4.77/1.86 = 0.9516 molal in particles

Because NaCl dissociates to form 2 ions, ie van't Hoff factor i = 2, the solution must be 0.9516/2 = 0.4708m in respect of NaCl. That is the answer.

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